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Laos

12/04/2014 Comments off

 

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

  • ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ
  • Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao
Flag Emblem
Motto: ສັນຕິພາບ ເອກະລາດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ເອກະພາບ ວັດທະນາຖາວອນ
“Peace, independence, democracy, unity and prosperity”
Anthem: Pheng Xat Lao
Lao National Anthem

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Location of Laos (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia
Location of Laos (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia
Capital
and largest city
Vientiane
17°58′N 102°36′E
Official languages Lao
Recognised national languages French
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups (2005[1])
Religion Buddhism
Demonym Laotian
Lao
Government Single-party socialist state
 – President Choummaly Sayasone
 – Prime Minister Thongsing Thammavong
 – President of the
National Assembly
Pany Yathotou
 – President of
Construction
Sisavath Keobounphanh
Legislature National Assembly
Formation
 – Kingdom of Lan Xang 1354–1707
 – Luang Phrabang, Vientiane and Champasak 1707–1778
 – Vassal of Thonburi and Siam 1778–893
 – War of Succession 1826–8
 – French Indochina 1893–1949
 – Independence from France 19 July 1949
 – Declared Independence 22 October 1953
Area
 – Total 236,800 km2 (84th)
91,428.991 sq mi
 – Water (%) 2
Population
 – 2013 estimate 6,695,166[2] (104th)
 – 1995 census 4,574,848
 – Density 26.7/km2 (177th)
69.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 – Total $20.78 billion[3]
 – Per capita $3,100[3]
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 – Total $11.14 billion[3]
 – Per capita $1,646[3]
Gini (2008) 36.7[4]
medium
HDI (2013) Steady 0.569[5]
medium · 139th
Currency Kip (LAK)
Time zone (UTC+7)
Drives on the right
Calling code +856
ISO 3166 code LA
Internet TLD .la

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laos

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Philippines

12/02/2014 Comments off
Republic of the Philippines

  • Repúblika ng Pilipinas
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: 
Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa[1]
“For God, People, Nature, and Country”
Anthem: Lupang Hinirang
Chosen Land

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Great Seal
Seal of the Philippines.svg
Location of the Philippines (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Location of the Philippines (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Capital Manila[2]
14°35′N 120°58′E
Largest city Quezon City
14°38′N 121°02′E
Official languages Filipino, English
Recognised regional languages
Optional languagesa
Ethnic groups (2014[4])
Demonym Filipino
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 – President Benigno Aquino III
 – Vice President Jejomar Binay
 – Senate President Franklin Drilon
 – House Speaker Feliciano Belmonte, Jr.
 – Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno
Legislature Congress
 – Upper house Senate
 – Lower house House of Representatives
Independence from Spainb and the United States
 – Establishment April 27, 1565
 – Independence from Spain declared June 12, 1898
 – United States control July 4, 1902
 – Self-government March 24, 1934
 – Independence from the United states July 4, 1946
 – Current constitution February 2, 1987
Area
 – Total 300,000 km2 (64th)
120,000 sq mi
 – Water (%) 0.61[5] (inland waters)
 – Land 298,170 km2
115,120 sq mi
Population
 – July 27, 2014 estimate 100,617,630[6] (12th)
 – 2010 census 92,337,852
 – Density 335.44/km2 (43rd)
868.8/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 – Total $493.36[7] (30th)
 – Per capita $4,961[7] (118th)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 – Total $291.799[7] (39th)
 – Per capita $2,934[7] (124th)
Gini (2009) positive decrease 43.0[8]
medium · 44th
HDI (2013) Increase 0.660[9]
medium · 117th
Currency Peso (Filipino: piso) (₱) (PHP)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
 – Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
Date format
  • mm-dd-yyyy
  • dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right[10]
Calling code +63
ISO 3166 code PH
Internet TLD .ph

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippines

Brunei

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Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace

Negara Brunei Darussalam (Rumi)
نڬارا بروني دارالسلام (Jawi)
Flag Crest
Motto: 

  • الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى
  • Sentiasa membuat kebajikan dengan petunjuk Allah
  • “Always in service with God’s guidance”
Anthem: 

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Location of Brunei (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Location of Brunei (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Capital
and largest city
Bandar Seri Begawan
4°53.417′N 114°56.533′E
Official languages Malay[a]
Recognised English[b]
Other languages[1][2]
Ethnic groups (2004[3])
Religion Sunni Islam
Demonym Bruneian
Government Unitary Islamic absolute
monarchy
 – Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah
 – Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah
 – Grand Mufti Abdul Aziz Juned
Legislature Legislative Council
Formation
 – Kingdom of Po-ni 7th century
 – Sultanate 14th century
 – Empire 15th – 19th century
 – British protectorate 1888
 – Independence from
the United Kingdom
1 January 1984
Area
 – Total 5,765 km2 (172nd)
2,226 sq mi
 – Water (%) 8.6
Population
 – Jul 2013[4] estimate 415,717[4] (175th)
 – Density 67.3/km2 (134th)
174.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 – Total $21.907 billion[5]
 – Per capita $50,440[5]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 – Total $17.092 billion[5]
 – Per capita $39,355[5]
HDI (2013) Steady 0.852[6]
very high · 30th
Currency Brunei dollar (BND)
Time zone BDT (UTC+8)
Drives on the left
Calling code +673[c]
ISO 3166 code BN
Internet TLD .bn[7]

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brunei

Indonesia

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Republic of Indonesia

Republik Indonesia
Flag National emblem
Motto: Bhinneka Tunggal Ika(Old Javanese)
“Unity in Diversity”
National ideology: Pancasila[1][2]
Anthem: Indonesia Raya
Great Indonesia

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Location of Indonesia (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Location of Indonesia (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Capital
and largest city
Jakarta
6°10.5′S 106°49.7′E
Official languages Indonesian
Religion Islam
Protestantism
Catholicism
Hinduism
Buddhism
Confucianism
Demonym Indonesian
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 – President Joko Widodo
 – Vice President Jusuf Kalla
Legislature People’s Consultative Assembly
 – Upper house Regional Representative Council
 – Lower house People’s Representative Council
Independence
 – Declared 17 August 1945 (de jure)
 – Acknowledged 27 December 1949 (from Netherlands)
Area
 – Land 1,904,569 km2 (15th)
735,358 sq mi
 – Water (%) 4.85
Population
 – 2014 estimate 252,164,800[3]
 – 2011 census 237,424,363[4] (4th)
 – Density 124.66/km2 (84th)
322.87/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 – Total $2.554 trillion[4] (9th)
 – Per capita $10,157[4] (102nd)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 – Total $856.066 billion[4] (17th)
 – Per capita $3,404[4] (120th)
Gini (2010) 35.6[5]
medium
HDI (2013) Steady 0.684[6]
medium · 108th
Currency Rupiah (Rp) (IDR)
Time zone various (UTC+7 to +9)
Drives on the left
Calling code +62
ISO 3166 code ID
Internet TLD .id

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia

Malaysia

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Malaysia
A blue rectangle with a gold star and crescent in the canton, with 14 horizontal red and white lines on the rest of the flag Shield showing symbols of the Malaysian states with a star and crescent above it and a motto below it supported by two tigers
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu”[1]
“Unity Is Strength”
Anthem: Negaraku
My Country

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Location of Malaysia (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Location of Malaysia (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Capital
and largest city
Kuala Lumpur
Putrajaya (administrative)
3°08′N 101°42′E
Official languages Malaysian Malay
Official script Malay (Latin) alphabet
Recognised languages English
Ethnic groups ([2])
Demonym Malaysian[3]
Government Federal parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
, Elective monarchy
 – King Abdul Halim
 – Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak (BN)
 – Deputy Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin (BN)
Legislature Parliament
 – Upper house Dewan Negara
 – Lower house Dewan Rakyat
Independence from the United Kingdom
 – Independence of the Federation of Malaya 31 August 1957[4]
 – Independence of Sarawak 22 July 1963[5]
 – Self-government of North Borneo 31 August 1963[6]
 – Federation of
Malaya, North Borneo,
Sarawak
, Singapore
16 September 1963
Area
 – Total 329,847 km2 (67th)
127,355 sq mi
 – Water (%) 0.3
Population
 – 2014 estimate 30,368,000[7] (42nd)
 – 2010 census 28,334,135[8]
 – Density 92/km2 (116th)
237/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 – Total $746.821 billion[9] (28th)
 – Per capita $24,520.784[9] (42nd)
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 – Total $336.913 billion[9] (35th)
 – Per capita $11,062.043[9] (65th)
Gini (2009) negative increase 46.2[10]
high · 36th
HDI (2013) Steady 0.773[11]
high · 62nd
Currency Ringgit (RM) (MYR)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 – Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the left
Calling code +60
ISO 3166 code MY
Internet TLD .my

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia

Vietnam

12/02/2014 Comments off
Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
Flag Emblem
Motto: Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc
“Independence – Freedom – Happiness”
Anthem: Tiến Quân Ca
(English: “Army March”)[N 1]

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Location of Vietnam (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Location of Vietnam (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia.
Capital Hanoi
21°2′N 105°51′E
Largest city Ho Chi Minh City
Official languages Vietnamese
Official scripts Vietnamese
Ethnic groups
Religion Vietnamese folk religion
Demonym Vietnamese
Government Marxist-Leninist single-party state
 – President Trương Tấn Sang
 – Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng
 – Communist Party General Secretary Nguyễn Phú Trọng
 – Chairman of National Assembly Nguyễn Sinh Hùng
Legislature National Assembly
Formation
 – Viet Minh declare independence from France 2 September 1945
 – Fall of Saigon 30 April 1975
 – Reunification 2 July 1976[1]
 – Current constitution 15 April 1992
Area
 – Total 332,210 km2 (65th)
128,565 sq mi
 – Water (%) 6.4[2]
Population
 – 2013 estimate 92,477,857[3] (13th)
 – Density 272/km2 (46th)
703/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 – Total $358.889 billion[3] (38th)
 – Per capita $4,001.287[3] (132nd)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 – Total $170.020 billion[3] (58th)
 – Per capita $1,895.576[3] (134th)
Gini (2008) 35.6[4]
medium
HDI (2013) Steady 0.638[5]
medium · 121st
Currency đồng (₫)[6] (VND)
Time zone Indochina Time (UTC+07:00)
 – Summer (DST) No DST (UTC+7)
Drives on the right
Calling code +84
ISO 3166 code VN
Internet TLD .vn

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnam

Thailand

12/02/2014 Comments off
Kingdom of Thailand

ราชอาณาจักรไทย
Ratcha Anachak Thai
Flag Emblem
Motto: 
(unofficial) ชาติ ศาสนา พระมหากษัตริย์ (Thai)
Chat, Satsana, Phra Maha Kasat
“Nation, Religions, King”
Anthem: Phleng Chat Thai
Thai National Anthem (instrumental)

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Royal anthemSansoen Phra Barami
Thai Royal Anthem (instrumental)

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Location of Thailand (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia
Location of Thailand (dark green) in ASEAN (light green) and Asia
Capital
and largest city
Bangkok
13°45′N 100°29′E
Official languages Thai[1]
Official script Thai alphabet
Ethnic groups (2009[5])
Religion Buddhism
Demonym Thai
Government Constitutional monarchy administered by military junta
 – Monarch Bhumibol Adulyadej
 – Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha
Legislature National Assembly (unelected)
Formation
 – Sukhothai Kingdom 1238–1448
 – Ayutthaya Kingdom 1351–1767
 – Thonburi Kingdom 1768–1782
 – Rattanakosin Kingdom 6 April 1782
 – Constitutional monarchy 24 June 1932
 – Current Constitution 22 July 2014
Area
 – Total 513,120 km2 (51st)
198,115 sq mi
 – Water (%) 0.4 (2,230 km2)
Population
 – 2013 estimate 66,720,153[6] (20th)
 – 2010 census 64,785,909[7]
 – Density 132.1/km2 (88th)
342/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
 – Total $964.500 billion[8]
 – Per capita $14,136[8]
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
 – Total $387.253 billion[8]
 – Per capita $5,675[8]
Gini (2010) 42.5[9]
medium
HDI (2013) Steady 0.722[10]
high · 89th
Currency Baht (฿) (THB)
Time zone (UTC+7)
Drives on the left
Calling code +66
ISO 3166 code TH
Internet TLD

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thailand